Public health is “the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals” (1920, C.E.A. Winslow). It is concerned with threats to health based on population health analysis.
The population in question can be as small as a handful of people or as large as all the inhabitants of several continents (for instance, in the case of a pandemic). The dimensions of health can encompass “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”, as defined by the United Nations’ World Health Organization.
Public health incorporates the interdisciplinary approaches of epidemiology, biostatistics and health services. Environmental health, community health, behavioral health, health economics, public policy and occupational health are other important subfields.

The Bachelor in Public Health (BPH) (or Bachelor of Science in Public Health) is an undergraduate degree that prepares students to pursue careers in the public, private, or non-profit sector in areas such as public health, environmental health, health administration, epidemiology, nutrition, biostatistics, or health policy and planning.
Bachelor of Public Health of most of the Universities in Nepal is a three years (excluding Pokhara University which is a four years program) course which aims to prepare competent graduates with advanced knowledge with the practical skills necessary to deliver high quality public health services needed for the country. It also aims to prepare professional public health specialist with appropriate technical and managerial competent required for district level health programs which include but not limited to problem identification, Planning, implantation, Training, Health education, and Health research.
List of Bachelor in Public Health Colleges in Nepal

Pokhara University Affiliated BPH Colleges
 Nobel College , Sinamangal, Kathmandu
 National Open College, Sanepa
 Pokara university, School of Health and Allied Sciences

TU Affiliated BPH Colleges
 Institute of Medicine (IOM)
 Manamohan Memorial Institute of Health Science, Nakkhu, Lalitpur

Purbanchal University Affiliated BPH Colleges
 Asian College For Advance Studies ,Satdobato, Lalitpur
 Chakrabarti Habi Education Academy ,Rajkuloroad, Thimi, Bhaktpur
 Hope International College, Satdobato, Lalitpur
 Karnali College Of Health Science, Ratopul, Kathmandu
 Koshi Health & Science Campus, Biratnagar
 Little Buddha College, Gyaneshor, Kathmandu
 National Academy for Medical Sciencs(NAMS), Purano Baneshwor, Kathmandu
 Nepal Institute of Health Science, Bauddha Tushal, Kathmandu
 Oasis Medical College, Chitwan
 Om Health Campus,Chabahil, Kathmandu
 Pokhara College of Technology, Kaski, Pokhara
 Sanjeevani Nursing College, Rupandehi
 Saptarishi Health Science College, Rajbiraj
 Shree Medical & Technical College, Bharatpur, Chitwan
 Unique Education Academy, Urlabari
 Valley College of Technical Science, Midbaneshor, Kathmandu
 Yeti Health Science, Panipokhari, Kathmandu

The Master of Public Health (MPH) is a multi-disciplinary professional degrees awarded for studies in areas related to public health. The MPH degree focuses on public health practice, as opposed to research or teaching. Master of Public Health programs are available throughout the world in Medical Schools, Schools of Public Health, and Schools of Public Affairs.

In addition, students develop an integrated interdisciplinary, cross-cutting set of overall competency domains (Communication and Informatics, Diversity and Culture, Leadership, Professionalism, Program Planning, Public Health Biology, and Systems Thinking). A newly developing specialty within the MPH degree is Occupational Health Nursing.
In the US, medical graduates can pursue an MPH in public health practice; medical students can pursue an MPH in public health medicine.

In some countries the MPH program is only available for medical graduates (MBBS or equivalent), those without the medical degree can join the Master of Science in Public Health (MSPH) program. The MSPH degree is an academic public health degree rather than a professional public health degree. The MSPH is more research-oriented than is the MPH. Required MSPH coursework includes most of the same classes needed for the MPH degree, but in addition the MSPH degree requires additional coursework in research methods, epidemiology, biostatistics, and similar public health studies. Also, MSPH students must complete a research thesis. The extra coursework roughly requires an additional year of study in relation to what is required for the MPH degree.

In the UK the MPH is not widely available; an MSc in the field of public health (generally one year’s full-time study) may be the nearest equivalent. Public health viewed as one of the important and effective approach to achieve national development goals. The development of public health profession including training, education, continuous education and research activities are still inadequate to address those challenges of public health in Nepal.

The MPH curriculum in Nepal is expected to tracks public health professionals to take organizational leadership for assuring better health management and improving quality of life of the people through better quality health service delivery. This can be achieved through an updated contemporary community need based curricula which can address the real needs of modern public health issues and appropriate public health management in diverse settings. This curriculum has been structured to cope with diversity of changing demands of public health problems. Besides the core courses, the curriculum provides opportunities for the students to purse individual interest through broad based choice of effective subjects.

Colleges for MPH in Nepal
• Institute of Medicine (IOM) 1.5 years
• BP Koirala Institute of Health Science 2 years

The Doctor of Public Health (Dr.PH) degree is for those who intend to pursue or advance a professional practice career in public health and for leaders and future leaders in public health practice. They face the particular challenge of understanding and adapting scientific knowledge in order to achieve health gain and results. This degree leads to a career in high-level administration, teaching, or practice, where advanced analytical and conceptual capabilities are required. The usual requirement for entry into this program is a Masters degree in Public Health (MPH). The DrPH program develops in its candidates all competencies included in MPH programs, with increased emphasis on high level skills in problem-solving and the application of public health concepts.


Tags: ,